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0-02: School policies consistent with laws
8-03: Provision of wellness programs for staff
8-05: Employee assistance programs
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Governors Highway Safety Association
Promotes occupant protection; addresses impaired driving; speed enforcement; and school bus, pedestrian, and bicycle safety.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US Department of Transportation)
Information on child safety restraint systems, training for child passenger safety technicians, and on laws and regulations governing transporting children. The "Child Passenger Safety" pages include information on transporting children with disabilities, and school bus safety.
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6-21 - Bus drivers and alcohol/drug use
 

Adopt and enforce a zero tolerance, alcohol-free, and other drug-free policy for school bus drivers.

   
Rationale
 

High rates of motor vehicle crashes are associated with alcohol and other drug impairment. School bus drivers must not be impaired by alcohol or other drugs that can affect their driving abilities and compromise the safety of students.

   
Commentary
 

More than fifty percent of all motor vehicle crashes involve alcohol. School bus drivers should be regularly tested for drugs and alcohol, and if they are found to be under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, they should immediately be fired.

Specific regulations regarding the operation of a school bus when taking medications (e.g., anti-depressant agents, anti-hypertensive agents, antihistamines) are determined at the state level. At the very least, bus drivers should be instructed not to operate school buses if initiating any medication, any new dose of a medication, or initiating any new combination of medications which may result in drowsiness, lightheadedness, or other adverse reaction that could impair ability to safely operate a school bus. If any previous experience with a medication or combination of medications has resulted in such an adverse reaction, it must not be taken within 24 hours of operating a school bus. A bus driver on a medication (over-the-counter and prescribed) should report this immediately to his/her supervisor.

   
REFERENCES
 

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on School Health and Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. School transportation safety. Pediatrics. 1996;97:754-757.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School health guidelines to prevent unintentional injuries and violence. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2001;50(RR-22):1-73.

National Transportation Safety Board. Pupil Transportation in Vehicles Not Meeting Federal School Bus Standards. Washington, DC: National Transportation Safety Board; 1999.

US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Highway safety guideline No. 17-pupil transportation safety. In: Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs: Highway Safety Program Guideline Numbers and Titles. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 2001. Available at: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/nhtsa/whatsup/tea21/tea21programs/402Guide.html.

 
          
 
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