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2-06: Functional knowledge of health and safety issues
3-06: Outdoor safety for physical activity
3-10: Use of protective equipment in sports
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American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Safe playground equipment and other products.
Governors Highway Safety Association
Promotes occupant protection; addresses impaired driving; speed enforcement; and school bus, pedestrian, and bicycle safety.
Injury Free Coalition for Kids
Safety tips and resources.
Inline Skating Association
Safety tips on equipment.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US Department of Transportation)
Information on child safety restraint systems, training for child passenger safety technicians, and on laws and regulations governing transporting children. The "Child Passenger Safety" pages include information on transporting children with disabilities, and school bus safety.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
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6-19 - Bicycles, skateboards, skates, scooters on campus

Establish and enforce policies for the safe use of all non-motorized wheeled recreational devices on school property, including appropriate use of protective gear.


Safety precautions prevent and reduce injury. Head injuries are the most serious type of injury sustained by cyclists of all ages. Approved helmets, when worn properly, save lives and prevent traumatic brain injuries.


Many families and schools encourage students to bicycle to school because of the benefits of regular exercise. Non-motorized wheeled devices that students (and staff) use for transportation or recreation include bicycles, tricycles, skateboards, skates, and scooters. Safety policies need to be communicated to families, staff, and students (Guideline 6-02). Policies must include the required use of properly fitted, approved helmets and prohibitions on the carrying of passengers. In addition to helmets, require the use of other personal protection equipment such as wrist guards and knee and elbow pads. Helmets and other protective gear must be worn properly to prevent injuries.

Allow the use of wheeled non-motorized devices on specific areas of campus and on crosswalks leading to and from the facility. Avoid use in loading and unloading zones during school hours. Wheeled non-motorized devices should be walked, not ridden, in areas of heavy pedestrian traffic. School staff should help establish the safest routes for staff and students on bicycles (and other such vehicles) to get to school. Secure storage space should be provided for these non-motorized wheeled devices and for helmets.


American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Skateboard injuries. Pediatrics. 1995; 95: 611-12.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention and Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. In-line skating injuries in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 1998;101:720-722.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Bicycle helmets. Pediatrics. 2001;108:1030-1032.

Powell, EC, Tanz RR. Cycling injuries treated in emergency departments: need for bicycle helmets among preschoolers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Nov;154(11):1096-100.

US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. National strategies for advancing bicycle safety. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 2001. Available at:

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