SEARCH 
Introduction
Table of Contents
Appendices  
Subject Index  
Glossary  
References
Related Links
About the Authors
Submit Comments
0-03: Protection of student and staff confidentiality
0-07: Staff training for health/safety emergencies
4-07: Staff trained for emergencies
4-13: Maintaining current student health information
4-20: Individualized health services plans
4-25: Confidential health records
  > View All Chapter Guidelines  
American Red Cross
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US Department of Transportation)
Information on child safety restraint systems, training for child passenger safety technicians, and on laws and regulations governing transporting children. The "Child Passenger Safety" pages include information on transporting children with disabilities, and school bus safety.
  > View All Chapter Related Links  
6-18 - Health information for transportation
 

Provide the transportation department and drivers with access to all health and safety information about students with special health care needs that is relevant to safe transportation, without compromising students' confidentiality.

   
Rationale
 

Bus drivers spend large amounts of time with and have great responsibility for students with special health care needs, and they must be adequately prepared to meet these needs. Understanding what students with special health care needs may require, including information about their health care and equipment, can reduce staff anxiety and produce a safer environment for the student.

   
Commentary
 

Personnel on school buses should be trained in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Health and safety information should be conveyed to the driver by the school nurse who has developed the health services plan for the student with input from the student's family

School personnel who transport students with special health care needs must also know if certain seating and placement choices within the bus pose a health or safety risk. For example, some students will require a specific type of seat or should not be near an air conditioning vent. Staff requires access to information on management of students' particular behavioral problems (Guideline 6-20).

School personnel who transport students must have the ability to communicate with them in a manner that is comfortable, familiar, and appropriate to the student. Guidelines for staff must be specific to students' language, speech, and hearing-related communication needs so that student and transportation staff can convey relevant health and safety information to each other.

   
REFERENCES
 

American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Transporting children with special health care needs. Pediatrics. 1999; 104(4 Pt 1):988-92.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. School bus transportation of children with special health care needs. Pediatrics. 2001;108:516-518.

American Red Cross, Community First Aid and Safety. Washington DC: American Red Cross; 2002.

Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990. Pub L No. 101-336; 1990. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/pubs/ada.txt.

National Association of School Nurses. Issue Brief: School Health Nursing Services Role in Health Care. School Health Nurses and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Scarborough, ME: National Association of School Nurses; 2001. Available at: http://www.nasn.org/briefs/idea.htm.

National Association of School Nurses. Issue Brief: School Health Nursing Services Role in Health Care. Inclusion. Scarborough, ME: National Association of School Nurses; 2001. Available at: http://www.nasn.org/briefs/inclusion.htm.

National Education Association. Crisis Communication Guide and Toolkit. Available at: http://www.nea.org/crisis/intro.html.

National Task Force on Confidential Student Health Information. Guidelines for Protecting Confidential Student Health Information. Kent, OH: American School Health Association, 2000.

 
          
 
©  COPYRIGHT AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Site Map | Contact Us | Privacy Statement | About Us | Home
American Academy of Pediatrics, 141 Northwest Point Blvd., Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007, 847-434-4000