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References
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2-06: Functional knowledge of health and safety issues
5-01: Clean, safe, enjoyable meal environment
8-03: Provision of wellness programs for staff
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American Lung Association
Ozone and the Air Quality Index: A Program Resource Guide
Tobacco Information and Prevention Source (TIPS), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
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6-11 - Tobacco use policy
 

Develop and enforce policies that prohibit tobacco use on school property by all students, school staff, families, and visitors. This policy should include school vehicles and any school-sponsored indoor or outdoor event.

   
Rationale
 

Environmental tobacco smoke exposure is a well-recognized health hazard for children and adolescents. Tobacco smoke is associated with serious adverse health effects, including bronchitis, emphysema, exacerbation of asthma, lung cancer, heart disease, and many other illnesses.

   
Commentary
 

States and/or school districts typically ban smoking inside schools as well as on school grounds for teachers, staff, and students to minimize students' opportunities to smoke and their exposure to environmental smoke. Studies show that restrictions on smoking may help young persons refrain from starting to smoke. Pipes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and any tobacco product should be included in this policy. Tobacco cessation programs should be offered to all who use tobacco.

   
REFERENCES
 

Bogden JF. Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn: A School Health Policy Guide. Part I: Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and Tobacco Use Prevention. Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Boards of Education; 2000.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette smoking among high school students-11 States, 1991- 1999. MMWR. 1999;48:686-692.

Hopper JA, Craig KA. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among urban children. Pediatrics. 2000;106:e47. Available at: http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/106/4/e47.

Joad JP. Smoking and pediatric respiratory health. Clin Chest Med. 2000;21:37-46.

Wakefield MA, Chaloupka FJ, Kaufman NJ, Orleans CT, Barker DC, Ruel EE. Effect of restrictions on smoking at home, at school, and in public places on teenage smoking: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2000;321:333-337.

 
          
 
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