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0-05: Health and safety advisory council
1-05: Promoting family recreation
1-06: Funding for family/community involvement
3-04: Activity opportunities beyond physical education
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American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Governors Highway Safety Association
Promotes occupant protection; addresses impaired driving; speed enforcement; and school bus, pedestrian, and bicycle safety.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US Department of Transportation)
Information on child safety restraint systems, training for child passenger safety technicians, and on laws and regulations governing transporting children. The "Child Passenger Safety" pages include information on transporting children with disabilities, and school bus safety.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
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6-07 - Safe pedestrian and vehicle traffic areas

Establish and enforce a plan that is designed to provide safe movement of motorized vehicles, non-motorized vehicles, and pedestrian traffic on school property. Include all parking, pedestrian, and vehicle traffic areas, bicycle lanes, and student drop-off/pick-up areas. Apply the policy to staff and students driving on campus and to recreational and commercial service vehicles. The plan should encourage walking and/or bicycling to school and include the establishment of safe routes to school.


Multiple modes of transportation at school as well as transportation to and from school and school-sponsored activities put students and staff at some risk for collision. Proper planning, development and enforcement of standards, and education can decrease risk of collision and injury.


Enforce all state and local vehicle regulations (even for school campuses considered to be private property), including occupant protection (safety belts) and helmets for all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and motorized cycles. Non-motorized vehicle safety issues are addressed in Guideline 6-19. All motorized vehicles, including motorcycles, ATVs, and trucks, should be operated only by licensed drivers. Prohibit carrying of passengers on motorcycles, ATVs, and in the cargo beds of pickup trucks. Carefully restrict traffic in all loading and unloading zones during school hours.

Route vehicular traffic onto schools' driveways and parking lots to minimize danger to pedestrians. Protect pedestrian paths from bicyclists and students using skates, skate boards, and scooters (e.g., separate lanes). Protect users of these non-motorized recreational vehicles from motorized vehicle traffic. Playgrounds should be located away from traffic. Have clearly marked and separate drop-off and pickup areas for pedestrians, school bus riders, and private vehicle users. Situate them so as to reduce student and staff exposure to vehicle exhaust fumes. Pickup and drop-off points for students should be limited to the curb and preferably at an off-street location that is protected from traffic. Assure adequate supervision while students are boarding and exiting vehicles. Be certain that crossing guards and members of safety patrols are trained for these roles. Discourage the playing of car radios and public announcement systems in vehicles used to transport students. Communicate all policies to staff, students, and their families.

Conduct a school transportation safety assessment when considering where to build new schools. Assess whether areas have adequate road capacity to handle increased traffic, adequate sidewalks, bicycle lanes, places for school bus stops, and low crime rates that make walking safe. Efforts should be coordinated with appropriate jurisdictional authority to provide well-posted and enforced reduced-speed school zones around campuses. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention (67) provide tools and checklists for "walkability" and "bikability" in communities, as well as suggestions on how to remove barriers that keep students from walking and bicycling to school.


American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. All-terrain vehicle injury prevention: two-, three-, and four-wheeled unlicensed motor vehicles. Pediatrics. 2000;105:1352-1354.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School health guidelines to prevent unintentional injuries and violence. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2001;50(RR-22):1-73.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kids Walk-to-School: A Guide to Promote Walking to School, Atlanta, GA. 2000. Available at:

National School Transportation Association. National School Bus Loading Zone Fatalities. Alexandria, VA: National School Transportation Association; 2001.

Russell A, Boop FA, Cherny WB, Ligon BL. Neurologic injuries associated with all-terrain vehicles and recommendations for protective measures for the pediatric population. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1998;14:31-35.

US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and Regulations. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 1999. Available at:

US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Highway safety guideline No. 17-pupil transportation safety. In: Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs: Highway Safety Program Guideline Numbers and Titles. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 2001. Available at:

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