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Introduction
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References
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0-01: An inclusive, respectful school climate
3-03: Physical activity and special needs
3-05: Ample resources for entire class in physical education
3-06: Outdoor safety for physical activity
8-07: Accommodating staff with disabilities
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Access Board
Federal agency committed to accessible design.
Council of Educational Facility Planners
Professional association of those involved in planning, designing, building, and equipping schools; resources on advocacy, education on the efficacy of school design and student outcomes; training and professional development, research.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US Department of Transportation)
Information on child safety restraint systems, training for child passenger safety technicians, and on laws and regulations governing transporting children. The "Child Passenger Safety" pages include information on transporting children with disabilities, and school bus safety.
National Resource Center for Safe Schools
US Department of Justice, Americans with Disabilities Act
Information and technical assistance on compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.
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6-01 - Accessible school facilities and programs
 

Ensure that school-sponsored programs both on-site and off-site (such as field trips, vocational education work experiences, extra-curricular activities, and sporting events) are accessible to all students and staff.

   
Rationale
 

The provision of access to all facilities for students and staff with disabilities is necessary to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (24) and other federal laws, to enhance safety for those with disabilities, to prevent injury, and to promote an inclusive environment.

   
Commentary
 

Accessibility to facilities for those with disabilities requires planning for new and renovated buildings and grounds and may require retrofitting of existing facilities. Children's height and other dimensions must be taken into account when designing or purchasing drinking fountains, toilet stalls, lavatories, sinks, and fixed or built-seats and tables. Include accessible routes for persons to reach buildings and other spaces. Ground surfaces along accessible routes, transportation (drop-off and pick-up sites), getting from one floor to another in multiple-story buildings, and parking spaces must be considered as part of facility planning. Apply these designs to both temporary and permanent facilities—any building that is used for the public.

Public school districts must comply with ADA in all programs, including those that are open to parents or the public. Therefore, aside from classes, events such as graduation exercises, school plays, sporting events, and board of education meetings must be accessible to persons with disabilities.

Technical requirements for accessibility to buildings, facilities, and routes are well defined in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 (24). The US Departments of Justice and of Transportation offer guidance and technical assistance for meeting these requirements.

   
REFERENCES
 

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on School Health and Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. School transportation safety. Pediatrics. 1996;97:754-757.

Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990. Pub L No. 101-336; 1990. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/pubs/ada.txt.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School health guidelines to prevent unintentional injuries and violence. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2001;50(RR-22):1-73.

Children's Safety Network. Protecting Working Teens: A Public Health Resource Guide. Newton, MA: Children's Safety Network; 1995.

Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Teens at Work: Injury Surveillance and Intervention Project, Occupational Health Surveillance Program; 2000. Available at: http://www.state.ma.us/dph/bhsre/ohsp/ohsp.htm.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Promoting Safe Work for Young Workers: A Community-based Approach. Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 1999.

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, Committee on the Health and Safety Implications of Child Labor. Protecting Youth at Work: Health, Safety, and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1998.

Posner M. Preventing School Injuries: A Comprehensive Guide for School Administrators, Teachers, and Staff. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press; 2000.

 
          
 
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