6-01 - Accessible school facilities and programs
 

Ensure that school-sponsored programs both on-site and off-site (such as field trips, vocational education work experiences, extra-curricular activities, and sporting events) are accessible to all students and staff.

> Full Guideline
6-02 - Communicating safety policies
 

Communicate all safety policies to staff, students, and families. Notify parents and staff in advance of physical plant projects and other changes that might affect the health, safety, and well-being of students and staff. Inform staff, students, and families about unplanned incidents such as a chemical and biological exposure or exposure to certain communicable diseases.

> Full Guideline
6-03 - Buildings: construction and renovation
 

Comply with local and state-level policies that address the design and specifications for new schools and that address construction and renovation projects. Use current professional engineering, public health, scientific, accessibility, and safety guidelines. Plan and implement projects so that workers' and occupants' exposure to environmental hazards is eliminated or minimized and comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency guidelines for air quality and school design.

> Full Guideline
6-04 - Buildings and grounds: maintenance
 

Develop and implement comprehensive preventive maintenance procedures to ensure a healthy and safe environment within the building and on school grounds. Include staff training and have procedures that include playgrounds, sports areas, and bathroom facilities.

> Full Guideline
6-05 - Classroom safety: equipment, facilities, student conduct
 

Teach students safety practices, ensure safe conduct, and enforce use of applicable safety guards and protection devices in classrooms. Provide appropriate supervision, safe equipment, and safe facilities. Apply these principles to vocational education settings, to youth employment situations, and to all art, science, food preparation, industrial arts, and shop classes.

> Full Guideline
6-06 - Safety on out-of-school trips
 

Develop and implement plans to address the safety of students on school-sponsored, out-of-school trips (field trips). Policy should address: supervision of students, transportation to sites, student-specific health information, equipment and expertise required to implement students' individualized health service plans (including administration of medication), and behavioral expectations of students and supervisors.

> Full Guideline
6-07 - Safe pedestrian and vehicle traffic areas
 

Establish and enforce a plan that is designed to provide safe movement of motorized vehicles, non-motorized vehicles, and pedestrian traffic on school property. Include all parking, pedestrian, and vehicle traffic areas, bicycle lanes, and student drop-off/pick-up areas. Apply the policy to staff and students driving on campus and to recreational and commercial service vehicles. The plan should encourage walking and/or bicycling to school and include the establishment of safe routes to school.

> Full Guideline
6-08 - Playground safety
 

Use and monitor the use of the most updated US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and ASTM International guidelines for playground safety. Use the guidelines to address playground surfacing, the use and maintenance of equipment, and supervision.

> Full Guideline
6-09 - Exposure to toxic/poisonous substances in classrooms
 

Prohibit the use of toxic and poisonous substances as part of classroom or vocational education unless there is a clearly documented need that cannot be otherwise met and there are protocols and procedures in place to protect students and staff from toxin exposure. Communicate policies on acceptable and unacceptable substances to students, staff, and families.

> Full Guideline
6-10 - Live animals in school environment
 

Limit exposure to live animals in order to protect the health and safety of students and staff.

> Full Guideline
6-11 - Tobacco use policy
 

Develop and enforce policies that prohibit tobacco use on school property by all students, school staff, families, and visitors. This policy should include school vehicles and any school-sponsored indoor or outdoor event.

> Full Guideline
6-12 - Drug/alcohol-free school policy
 

Develop and enforce alcohol-free and drug-free policies for all school staff, families, students, and visitors at indoor and outdoor school-sponsored events.

> Full Guideline
6-13 - Indoor/outdoor allergens, irritants, air quality
 

Develop and enforce policies that minimize exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens and irritants for students and staff.

> Full Guideline
6-14 - Reservoirs of infectious agents in physical environment
 

Control the indoor and outdoor school environment to prevent potential reservoirs for infectious agents from becoming a source of disease (e.g., standing water and animal droppings).

> Full Guideline
6-15 - Universal precautions; blood-borne pathogens
 

Provide school staff with education on the safe handling of blood, vomit, urine, other body fluids, and fecal material. Provide ample and convenient supplies of gloves, containers for proper disposal of needles and other sharp objects, disinfectants (including bleach), and other equipment in identified, predetermined locations, including classrooms.

> Full Guideline
6-16 - Hand washing
 

Encourage frequent hand washing with warm water and soap for students and staff in order to prevent or reduce the spread of communicable diseases.

> Full Guideline
6-17 - A plan for safe school bus transportation
 

Develop and implement a plan that promotes safety for bus transportation. Include driver qualifications, student and bus driver transportation equipment, emergency provisions and plans, loading/unloading procedures, staff-child ratios, vehicle maintenance schedules and provisions for special events, special routes, and for children with special needs. Follow legal guidelines as well as local and state regulations and laws.

> Full Guideline
6-18 - Health information for transportation
 

Provide the transportation department and drivers with access to all health and safety information about students with special health care needs that is relevant to safe transportation, without compromising students' confidentiality.

> Full Guideline
6-19 - Bicycles, skateboards, skates, scooters on campus
 

Establish and enforce policies for the safe use of all non-motorized wheeled recreational devices on school property, including appropriate use of protective gear.

> Full Guideline
6-20 - Safe student conduct during transportation
 

Establish and implement comprehensive training programs for staff and for students so that students demonstrate acceptable behavior during transportation and during drop-off and pickup.

> Full Guideline
6-21 - Bus drivers and alcohol/drug use
 

Adopt and enforce a zero tolerance, alcohol-free, and other drug-free policy for school bus drivers.

> Full Guideline
6-22 - Emergency supplies and equipment
 

Provide and maintain emergency supplies (such as first aid equipment, posted signs, and communication equipment) in identified, predetermined locations, including in all buildings and buses. Emergency supplies should also be available at all indoor and outdoor school-sponsored events.

> Full Guideline
6-23 - Facility preparation for evacuation, lockdown, disasters
 

Establish physical environment and ground security measures that will prepare each school to respond to fire, natural disasters, attacks, and other crises.

> Full Guideline